Albania : country in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea. A former Communist state, it became a parliamentary democracy in 1991. About 70 percent of Albania is mountainous, and only 21.1 percent (2005) of the land is arable. Even so, about half of Albania’s labor force finds employment in agriculture.
Religious institutions in Albania were closed during the Communist regime. In 1990 mosques like this one in Vlorë began to reopen. Albania is one of the few European countries where most of the people are Muslim. About 70 percent of Albanians are Muslim, while Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christians together make up only about 30 percent of the population.