Points of interest and Tourism in Moscow : Great Kremlin Palace : The Moscow (Moskva) River flows past the gilded domes of the 15th-century Uspensky Cathedral and the imposing Great Kremlin Palace, both enclosed by the medieval fortress walls of Moscow’s Kremlin. Originally constructed in 1156 and refortified many times to ward off attacks by the Mongols, the Kremlin is today the seat of the Russian government.
Red Square in Moscow has long been the center stage of Moscow life. It was the scene of ceremonies under the ruling tsars beginning in the 16th century. During the Soviet period, important state holidays such as May Day and the anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution were celebrated here. The “Red” in the name of the square comes not from the color but from the Russian word krasnaya, meaning “beautiful.” In addition to the Kremlin, the most notable structure bordering the famous square is the ornate St. Basil’s Cathedral.